Hans von Sagan

Hans von Sagan (1370-1682)

O.f. Glauer, Wie's daheim einst war. Bilder aus der Vergangenheit der Stadt Pitschen von Otto Fritz Glauer, Kreuzburg O.S., 1928. Source: Opole Digital Library

Document 1 2 3 4 Byczyński's features carefully holds a valuable item, a right proper Hunter-large Tin Cup from the year 1682. On its cover is a figure of a man in armor, which keeps the powiewający banner. The Cup has a height of 48 cm and contains in its interior, Tin pokal1 (German. Willkommbecher –. .). Cup, inscribed: "Father Lord Bartholomeus Trutwinn, older servants of George Kleimke and Kaspar Tappert and older journeymen Matis Jamborowski, George Kitzar and Thomas Smiela". The Cup is around hung seven silver plated wotywnymi discs that contain the names of donors and the Guild mark Shoemaker. Repeats the theme pierced an arrow. For this the singular character of the cechowego there is no adequate explanation. The patron saint of shoemakers was St. Crispinus, who as a martyr was beheaded, so his martyrdom is not related to this symbol. Can this arrow associated with Saint Sebastian? In the Silesian monthly notebooks (1926, # 2) Franz Heinevetter in article "Silesian Guild seals," explains it as follows: in the Alsatian book on emblems Guild masters occurs the official coat of arms of Cordonniers (shoemakers) registered in the words: "de gueules à un Sebastian de carnation, attachè à un arbre d ' or et percè de flêches de mêmes." (Bloody red on. Sebastian, pierced arrows attached to the Golden tree "), Saint Sebastian was also revered as a patron saint, at least in some regions and its arrow appears in the coat of shoemakers. Strange that one of the votive shields shows two crossed razor. Can its creator (E.G.S. 1787) was a Barber during meetings of the Guild of shoemakers? Then you will definitely bravely helped at emptying the Cup Championship, which is located in the Cup and by the Foundation of a shield wanted to express their gratitude. Pokal is called "Hans von Sagan". Where it comes from is a strange term? Koelling binds it name from Prince Johann von Sagan, 2 which in 1488. jointly with Henry of Ziębic3 relieving a longtime dispute between Duke Frederick I4 from the shore, and Princes Janem5 and Mikołajem6 from Opole due to the redemption of Bank, Kluczbork and Byczyny. He could give on the right course and became the Byczynie popular figure. For this reason, the craftsmen, the conciliator gratitude, founded the pint with a Knight on the lid and they called his name. This explanation, however, is very reliable. Prince Johann von Sagan is in the history of Silesia considered adventurer known border wars for example. the seven respected the fact of his own city of Głogów was recommended to move to the tower and starve, as opposed to work, contrary to the sworn Treaty and pay tribute to his three zięciom as future masters. * for this reason until his death remained in dispute with Duke Frederick and the edge – their national supervisor. This wild, restless, violent and cruel man was certainly not a useful peacemaker, especially for Frederick I, with which he was zwaśniony and byczyńscy artisans had absolutely no reason to respect his memory. How can just the characteristics of the Shoemaker's fall to Prince Johann find gratitude? There was then in Byczynie seven flowering of guilds, which, however, does not seem to have raised attention to mediation. Also banner engraved with his boot to deny to the figure on the cover depicted Prince Johann von Sagan. No, the name pokala has nothing to do with Duke von Sagan. Rather it was founded in memory of another Hans, namely simple Silesian journeyman from Żagań (German. von Sagan-. ), that in the breast he wore good heart and showed more heroism than his infamous memory: the namesake. When in the year 1369, the Supreme Master of the German Knight, was in a dispute with Grand Duke of Lithuania, the latter ran a powerful siedemdziesięciotysięczną7 army to Prussia and 16 February 1370 r. attacked by Rudau8 auxiliary troops of the German Knight. They have already started to cut back, and carrying the banner of the order fell to the ground pierced by the spear. Then caught up to it's journeyman Hans von Sagan, tore the dying the sanctity of the army, he erected it high up and szturmował on an already drunken victory for Lithuanians with invincible violence. Retreating to come to their senses, on the battlefield there dwell, and when the Sun went down, the Lithuanians were completely defeated and the Grand Duke asked for a room. Rescued German knights donated Pizza Hut szewcowi Prize: able to satisfy every your request.  Hans von Sagan demanded for his Guild of celebrating the annual feast of the assumption of the day at the expense of the Prussian Knights. The words have been respected and to the 16th century. Königsberg Feast was celebrated in the princely, later the Royal Palace. This brave journeyman's thanks to his heroic feats rescued endangered German Dominion in the East (Ostmark).  Become famous all over the country and even after centuries of sing: you went Ahead with our banner As a brave warrior Manfully helped us in need; Who has not fled, were killed. After the death of the noble man at home in Königsberg, where he lived, Hans von Sagan, placed in memory of a wooden figure of the hero. Giving Hurricane resistance and niepogodzie, hung there for centuries as a witness to the heroic stance of the ordinary craftsman. One winter night suddenly disappeared. The poor, deprived of any historical consciousness, they stole this large wooden figure and used firewood. For this reason, the Royal features on the occasion of the 600-year anniversary of its creation before the Town Hall Tavern in Königsberg in 1926. unveils new statue of Hans von Sagan, which shall submit it to the corner quivering banner. In the three day celebration attended by almost all the deputies from each province and mentioned the heroic journeyman Shoemaker in solemn speeches by him. During the evening guests were treated with welcome popular among craftsmen "Schmeckebier" (a species of beer-. .). If you used the Königsberg pokala, where is the wygrawerowna form of Hans von Sagan? Mayor Dr. Gördeler at the same time he delivered the words: long live the city that such szewce is! You can not, unfortunately, determine whether this brave hero awls and sword actually came from Żagań. Archive of Żagań does not have any data on this subject, also in acts of żagań Guild of shoemakers, nothing can be found about Hansa von Sagan. Let it be as it should be! Not only królewiecka Guild, but common craft shoe repair has reason to keep the memory of a good, brave man who came out of their ranks, as well as other famous Hans-poet from Nuremberg. The footnotes of an interpreter:

  1. Willkommbecher (also Willkomm, Pokal) is a large vessel for drinking at solemn occasions during meetings of the nobility, city councilors, but especially in guilds. It was used, when one wanted to honor someone or when circled around among the revelers. (by de.wiki.org)
  2. Johann II Sagan (also Hans von Sagan) – Jan II of Żagań also known as wild, Cruel, Crazy-the Duke of Głogów-żagań
  3. Henry I of Podbieradów, Duke of Münsterberg
  4. Frederick I, Duke of Legnica (1455-1488) and Brest (1471-1488)
  5. Jan II the Good – the Duke of Opole-niemodlińsko-strzelecki
  6. Nicholas II-the younger brother of John the Good, Duke of niemodlin and Opole
  7. Depending on the source, we meet with the number of 1tys. about 3.5 thousand. people
  8. Rudowa, Rudów or Rudau, above Koenigsberg, near the villages of Transzau and Laptau; a bloody battle any between the Teutonic Knights and Lithuanians led by Algirdas and Kęstutis d. 17 February 1370. Marshal of the order killed Chindekoff Transzau by Henning. As far as the battle of rudawskiéj the Knights argued as much from niéj began to emotion is decreasing. (Poland-shaped dykcyonarza historical-statistical jeograficznego the authors Jędrzej Słowaczyński)
  9. Hans Sachs-1494-1576-Shoemaker's apprentice, author of poems, fables and plays, religious and secular songs composer

Note author: Gustav Freitag, Bilder, etc., 2. 172. Translation: Elizabeth Bereska Development: Anna Bereska – Trybuś

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